The beginnings of Yoga were developed by the Indus-Sarasvati civilization in Northern India over 5,000 years ago. The word yoga was first mentioned in the oldest sacred texts, the Rig Veda. The Vedas were a collection of texts containing songs, mantras and rituals to be used by Brahmans, the Vedic priests.
Yoga is essentially a spiritual discipline based on an extremely subtle science, which focuses on bringing harmony between mind and body. It is an art and scince of healthy living. The word ‘Yoga’ is derived from the Sanskrit root ‘Yuj’, meaning ‘to join’ or ‘to yoke’ or ‘to unite’.
Importance of Yoga:
Yoga’s incorporation of meditation and breathing can help improve a person’s mental well-being. “Regular yoga practice creates mental clarity and calmness; increases body awareness; relieves chronic stress patterns; relaxes the mind; centers attention; and sharpens concentration,”
According to the National Institutes of Health, scientific evidence shows that yoga supports stress management, mental health, mindfulness, healthy eating, weight loss and quality sleep.
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Types of Yoga:
The eight limbs of yoga are yama (abstinences), niyama (observances), asana (yoga postures), pranayama (breath control), pratyahara (withdrawal of the senses), dharana (concentration), dhyana (meditation) and samadhi (absorption).”
Most popular yoga in India is Hatha yoga. It is the most popular and the one offered in most gyms. It covers all the traditional aspects of yoga such as body awareness, breathing and meditation. This type of yoga is ideal for people starting for the first time, since the general postures are basic, and the class progresses in a slow progressive manner.Hatha yoga.Ashtanga yoga.Bikram yoga.Iyengar yoga.Kundalini yoga.Restorative yoga.Yin yoga.
Hatha yoga :-
Haṭha yoga is a branch of yoga. The Sanskrit word haṭha literally means “force” and thus alludes to a system of physical techniques. *
Benefits: A 2013 study in the Journal of Nursing Research found that participation in a single 90-minute session of Hatha yoga was associated with stress reduction, Reduced depression symptoms, Muscle and joint flexibility.
Ashtanga vinyasa yoga is a style of yoga as exercise popularized by K. Pattabhi Jois during the twentieth century, often promoted as a modern-day form of classical Indian yoga. Jois claimed to have learnt the system from his teacher Tirumalai Krishnamacharya.
Benefits :- Controlling your movements, breath patterns, and gaze all at once increases concentration and helps calm your autonomic nervous system, which controls heart rate, respiration, and blood pressure.Improves well-being Strengthens muscles, Promotes healthy eating.
Bikram Yoga :-
It is a system of hot yoga, a type of yoga as exercise, devised by Bikram Choudhury and based on the teachings of B. C. Ghosh, that became popular in the early 1970s.
Benefits :- Builds strength, flexibility, balance, and tremendous endurance.Prevents chronic illnesses and injuries.Weight loss and toning.Improves posture.Promotes better sleep.Deep sense of well being, vibrant health, and a peaceful mind.Teaches you to breathe fully and correctly.
Iyengar yoga :-
Bellur Krishnamachar Sundararaja Iyengar was an Indian yoga teacher and author who is the founder of the style of yoga as exercise known as “Iyengar Yoga” and was considered one of the foremost yoga gurus in the world.
Benefits :- It helps to keep strong your muscles. In addition to stretching your muscles, the physical demand of holding each pose will help you build strength in both body and mind. it also helps to A calmer mind and Improved posture Protection from disease.
Kundalini yoga is a form of yoga that involves chanting, singing, breathing exercises, and repetitive poses. Its purpose is to activate your Kundalini energy, or shakti. This is a spiritual energy that’s said to be located at the base of your spine.B
Benefits :- The purpose is to promote spiritual enlightenment. There are several science-backed benefits of Kundalini yoga. According to research, it may help ease stress and anxiety, improve cognitive functioning, and boost self-perception and self-appreciation.
Restorative Yoga :-
It is the practice of asanas, each held for longer than in conventional yoga as exercise classes, often with the support of props such as folded blankets, to relax the body, reduce stress, and often to prepare for pranayama.
Benefits :- It helps to Relaxe your mind and body, Soothes the nervous system, Enhances your mood, Reduces chronic pain, Improves sleep, Improves well-being Gentle on your body.
Yin Yoga :
It is a slow-paced style of yoga as exercise, incorporating principles of traditional Chinese medicine, with asanas (postures) that are held for longer periods of time than in other styles. Advanced practitioners may stay in one asana for five minutes or more.
Benefits :- balance emotions.improve flexibility.stretch connective tissue.boost circulation.improve sleep.enhance mental focus.promote relaxation.develop breath awareness.
Yoga plays very important role in our all life if we do yoga everyday we can live stress-free and Diseases free life. So you should give minimum 1 hour to yoga in your life।